Governance and Knowledge Exchange within and Between Epistemic Communities


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Governance and Knowledge Exchange within and Between Epistemic Communities

Vis færre oplysninger Håkanson, Lars en_US 2009-02-04T10:24:04Z 2009-02-04T10:24:04Z 2004-12-27T00:00:00Z en_US
dc.description.abstract All knowledge is context dependent. The relevant context is the social community where it resides, i.e. the ‘epistemic community’ formed as groups of people define and legitimize the knowledge they possess. In the mutual engagement in a common enterprise, epistemic communities develop, maintain and nurture the codes, tools and theories that provide the basis of their practice. Commonalities of code, tools and theory facilitate both voluntary transfer and involuntary imitation of knowledge within communities, also ones spanning organizational boundaries. Conversely, knowledge transfer between different epistemic communities, whether desired or unintended, is often cumbersome and fraught with difficulties. In order to achieve effective integration and cooperation between its various professional communities and subcultures, firms must therefore undertake investments in boundary-spanning mechanisms. Since these investments are specific to the context in which they take place and to the transactions that they enable, they cannot easily be organized through arm’s length contracts. Firms exist because they have a relative advantage over markets in the integration of diverse knowledge. However, the associated capabilities need not translate into a relative advantage also in the transfer of knowledge, i.e. knowledge exchanged between members of the same epistemic community. Within communities, knowledge disseminates with relative ease both intentionally and through emulation. Knowledge thus acquired can generally be applied also outside the context of the exchange and the effort or investment expended in its acquisition is not transaction specific. The governance mode applied in such exchanges is therefore determined by strategic and contextual factors, including those of traditional transaction cost logic. en_US
dc.format.extent 25 s. en_US
dc.language eng en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Working paper;2004-005 en_US
dc.subject.other kep en_US
dc.title Governance and Knowledge Exchange within and Between Epistemic Communities en_US
dc.type wp en_US
dc.accessionstatus modt04dec27 miel en_US
dc.contributor.corporation Copenhagen Business School. CBS en_US
dc.contributor.department Institut for International Økonomi og Virksomhedsledelse en_US
dc.contributor.departmentshort INT en_US
dc.contributor.departmentuk Department of International Economics and Management en_US
dc.contributor.departmentukshort INT en_US
dc.idnumber x656455046 en_US København en_US
dc.publisher.year 2004 en_US

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