On the Enforcement of Specific Performance in Civil Law Countries

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On the Enforcement of Specific Performance in Civil Law Countries

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Title: On the Enforcement of Specific Performance in Civil Law Countries
Author: Lando, Henrik; Rose, Caspar
Abstract: Abstract: Proponents of specific performance as a remedy for breach of contract have found support in the alleged use of the remedy in Civil Law countries. However, we provide evidence that specific performance is in fact a rare remedy in Denmark, Germany and France, and under CISG, when performance requires actions to be undertaken, and we relate this to costs of enforcement. We argue that it is administratively costly to run a system of enforcement that renders specific performance attractive to the aggrieved party, and that the Civil Law countries have (like Common Law countries) chosen not to incur these costs of enforcement. This is especially clear in the case of Denmark, where specific performance of actions has been abandoned as a legal remedy. At the normative level, we argue that enforcement costs provides an additional rationale, over and above the rationales of the theory of efficient breach, for damages and against specific performance as the general remedy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10398/6823
Date: 2003-11-21

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