An Empirical Investigation of the Role of Industry Factors in the Internationalization Patterns of Firms

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An Empirical Investigation of the Role of Industry Factors in the Internationalization Patterns of Firms

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Title: An Empirical Investigation of the Role of Industry Factors in the Internationalization Patterns of Firms
Author: Grøgaard, Birgitte; Gioia, Carmine; Benito, Gabriel R.G.
Abstract: Research on companies’ internationalization has mainly focused on firm-level and country-level factors in order to explain firms’ cross-border activities. With the exception of a limited number of studies emphasizing rivalistic behavior in oligopolistic industries, industry factors have been neglected as potential determinants of companies’ internationalization. We argue that differences across industries with regard to competition level, research intensity, tangibility of the products, and the existence of clusters should influence the impetus and opportunities to internationalize. This study examines the role of such factors using data covering the internationalization patterns of the 100 largest non-financial Norwegian companies over the period 1990 to 2000. We find that industry factors contribute significantly to explaining the internationalization of these companies, and that the effects of industry factors remain strong when firm-level characteristics are taken into account. Key words: Internationalization, multinational companies, industry factors, Norway JEL classification: F21, F23, L10
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10398/7477
Date: 2005-11-22
Notes: Acknowledgements: Research funding was provided by the Research Council of Norway (project 139982/510, "Globalization and internationalization of the Norwegian Economy").

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