From Independent Ratings to Communal Ratings

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From Independent Ratings to Communal Ratings

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dc.contributor.author Lindhardsen, Vivian
dc.date.accessioned 2009-02-09
dc.date.accessioned 2009-02-23T14:01:55Z
dc.date.available 2009-02-23T14:01:55Z
dc.date.issued 2009-02-23
dc.identifier.isbn 9788759383773
dc.identifier.issn 0906-6934
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10398/7743
dc.description.abstract The present maps study maps the decision-making behaviors of experienced raters in a well-established Communal Writing Assessment (CWA) context, tracing their behaviors all the way from the independent rating sessions, where the initial images and judgments are formed, to the communal rating sessions, where the final scores are assigned on the basis of collaboration between two rates. Results from think-aloud protocols, recorded discussions, retrespective reports and reported scores from 20 raters rating 15 ESL essays show that when moving from the independent ratings to the communal ratings, there is little, if any, increase in rater agreement levels and the raters' attention to the textual features corresponding to the official criteria become more evenly distributed. However, rather than consulting the scale descriptors directly in resolving insecurities about score assignment, the raters seemed to rely heavily on each others' expertise, thereby reducing the importance of the scale and emphasizing the value of the community of raters. In validating their scores in the communal rating discussions the raters appeared to be critically and equally engaged in the discussions, and through deliberating and refining their assessments the raters believed that CWA practices produce more accurate scores than in independent ratings and lead to professional development. These interpretations support a hermeneutic rather than a psychometric approach to establishing the validity of the present CWA practices. en
dc.format.extent 273 en
dc.language eng
dc.publisher Institut for Internationale Sprogstudier og Vidensteknologi, Copenhagen Business School en
dc.relation.ispartofseries PhD Series;2009-01
dc.subject.other sprogundervisning en
dc.subject.other eksamination en
dc.subject.other danmark en
dc.subject.other evaluering en
dc.title From Independent Ratings to Communal Ratings en
dc.type phd en
dc.accessionstatus modt09feb09 en
dc.contributor.corporation Copenhagen Business School. CBS
dc.contributor.department Institut for Internationale Sprogstudier og Vidensteknologi en
dc.contributor.departmentshort ISV en
dc.contributor.departmentuk Department of International Language Studies and Computational Linguistics en
dc.contributor.departmentukshort ISV en
dc.idnumber 9788759383773 en
dc.publisher.city Frederiksberg en
dc.publisher.year 2009 en
dc.title.subtitle A Study of CWA Raters' Decision-Making Behaviours en


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