Development of the Greenland Home Rule Model and its Relevance to an Autonomy Statute for the Sahara Region

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Development of the Greenland Home Rule Model and its Relevance to an Autonomy Statute for the Sahara Region

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Title: Development of the Greenland Home Rule Model and its Relevance to an Autonomy Statute for the Sahara Region
Author: Lyck, Lise
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to present and analyze the Greenland Home Rule from a government and governance perspective and to relate it to the Moroccan initiative for negotiating an autonomy statute for the Sahara region and thereby to contribute to an end of this dispute. In order to make a presentation and analysis meaningful, a presentation of the historical and political context for the Nordic development is required and also a short comparison to the context for the Sahara region question, keeping in mind the differences between the two political, social, historical, and cultural contexts. In particular, while the autonomy of Greenland is well established since many years, the proposal for Sahara is still open for negotiation by all the parties and has been considered by the UN Security Council as “serious and credible”, which should be understood as an encouragement to all parties to use it as a starting point for negotiations, and enrich the scope of power devolution. Needed is also a short overview over autonomy models and the development of autonomy statutes to give a perspective on the options. On this background the Greenland Home Rule Model is presented and analyzed and the government/governance problematic analyzed in depth. The relevance for the Moroccan initiative for negotiating an autonomy statute for the Saharan region of the juridical formulation and the experiences from Greenland is discussed and the learning presented pointing out advantages and pitfalls to consider and evaluate. The last section includes a conclusion based on the presented analysis and some recommendation to consider. All is presented for further discussion and evaluation among the stakeholders interested in a solution of the autonomy question for the Sahara region.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10398/8479
Date: 2012-08-13
Notes: Paper presented at the International Research Seminar on “Governance in Autonomy Statuses: Institutions and Mechanisms”, Geneva, 22 March 2012.

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