Users, Innovation and Sustainability

OPEN ARCHIVE

Union Jack
Dannebrog

Users, Innovation and Sustainability

Vis flere oplysninger

Titel: Users, Innovation and Sustainability
The Role of End-users and Policy Makers in Sustainable Innovation
Forfatter: Roed Nielsen, Kristian; Reisch, Lucia; Thøgersen, John
Resume: What is good sustainable innovation policy? And what is good governance for user-led innovation for more sustainable products and services in specific? The basic aim of innovation policy is to promote invention and innovation that transforms knowledge and competence into long-term social welfare. Innovation policy for sustainable development asks what can be done by government to support products, processes and social innovations that spur and enable more sustainable lifestyles in specific. From a policy maker’s perspective, there are two basic approaches to innovation policy: Either, governments engage into “horizontal industrial policy”, i.e. they design a supportive legal and economic framework, insure dynamic markets and promote a technology friendly “climate” in society. Or, governments engage in “vertical industrial policy” and opt for more active - and more intruding - efforts to develop an industry or a technology with economic incentives and industry-specific market regulation. This latter option has been criticized by market proponents since “picking the winners” by the state instead of the market is often not very efficient (“market knows best”). On the other hand, it has its merits in speeding up necessary changes in markets. Both approaches are, however, focused on entrepreneurs and industries, hence on the supply side of the market. In times of digitalization, prosumerism and blurring boundaries between supply and demand, another focus is slowly gaining importance, namely user-led innovation for sustainable products and processes. The present report hence focuses on the question how innovation policy can spur this kind of innovation with userentrepreneurs on the demand side of markets in the driver seat. The report identifies the key impact mechanisms as reported and analysed in the relevant literature. While admittedly this type of research is still scarce and in its infancy, we know from traditional innovation policy literature that good innovation governance • is consistent and reliable; • supports interaction between and offers platforms for all relevant actors: market actors (both: supply and demand), political actors, societal actors and science, also between venture capitalists and innovators/entrepreneurs; • designs a supportive innovation infrastructure (education, physical infrastructure, etc.); • supports a social “climate” that is open for innovation and has a culture for innovation and failure (willingness to change, open for new opportunity, trust in whom, culture of risk); • finds the right balance of regulation and free market; and • designs effective incentives and support programmes. This is also the starting point for the present report that focuses on the specific requirements of user-led sustainability innovation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10398/9163
Dato: 2015-07-31
Note: Report made for the EU project EU-InnovatE

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

Filer Størrelse Format Vis
EU.Innovate Del ... ion and Sustainability.pdf 8.612Mb PDF Vis/Åbn Report

Dette dokument findes i følgende samling(er)

Vis flere oplysninger