Culture studies in the field of international business research


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Culture studies in the field of international business research

Show simple item record Vorm, Werner Li, Xin Jakobsen, Michael Xie, Piehong 2015-12-29T10:46:20Z 2015-12-29T10:46:20Z 2015-12-29
dc.description.abstract Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to describe the status of culture studies within the field of international business research, and to examine how two main paradigms – essentialism and social constructivism – relate to the discourse in this field. We analyze the main points of the two paradigms, and discuss how the relationship between them has evolved. Findings - We show that essentialism and social constructivism have a paradoxical relationship. They seem to be mutually exclusive, yet each offers unique insights into the notion of culture. Both are necessary for a complete understanding of culture, yet they cannot be integrated in any normal sense. We see the relationship between the two paradigms as paradoxical: that is, we see them as ontologically complementary yet epistemologically incommensurable. Taking inspiration from Bohr’s principle of complementarity, we understand the two competing paradigms of culture studies as both necessary and yet as incompatible. Research limitations - Future research should help to improve the conceptual clarity with which the relationship between the two paradigms is portrayed here, thereby enhancing the empirical rigor of the argument we make in this paper. Practical implications – We encourage practitioners to learn how to switch, both sequentially and spatially, between the two paradigms of culture (fundamentally incommensurable though they are). This involves taking a “both/or” approach to the two paradigms. Originality/Value - We show for the first time that Bohr’s complementarity principle is illustrative and useful for understanding the paradoxical relationship between essentialism and social constructivism. Inspired by two principles enunciated by Bohr – that of complementarity and that of classical concepts – we argue that the two competing paradigms are necessary yet 3 incommensurable. We therefore suggest that culture scholars switch between the two paradigms, instead of seeing each as negating the other. en_US
dc.format.extent 46 en_US
dc.language eng en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Copenhagen Discussion Papers;53
dc.subject.other Culture en_US
dc.subject.other Essentialist en_US
dc.subject.other Social constructivist en_US
dc.subject.other Complementary en_US
dc.subject.other Incommensurable en_US
dc.title Culture studies in the field of international business research en_US
dc.type wp en_US
dc.contributor.corporation Copenhagen Business School. CBS en_US
dc.contributor.department Asia Research Centre en_US
dc.contributor.departmentshort ARC en_US
dc.contributor.departmentuk Asia Research Centre en_US
dc.contributor.departmentukshort ARC en_US Frederiksberg en_US
dc.publisher.year 2015 en_US
dc.title.subtitle A tale of two paradigms en_US

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